What are the abbreviations of fiber names?

The continuous progress of science and technology and the growing needs of the people make the varieties of chemical fibers rich and colorful. At present,
The differentiation rate of chemical fibers in Japan, South Korea, and other countries has reached more than 50%. There are many kinds of chemical fibers, which are commonly used in abbreviations
Said that it has brought some inconvenience to textile product designers and weaving, printing, and dyeing producers.
In daily work, fiber abbreviations are rough as follows [(1) ~ (4) some abbreviations are repeated but in order to maintain this part
The integrity of abbreviations, so they still appear repeatedly; some of them are trade names.

Name of main chemical fiber varieties

PTT polypropylene terephthalate fiber elastic polyester
Pet polyethylene terephthalate fiber polyester fiber (also expressed by PES)
PBT polybutylene terephthalate fiber
PA polyamide fiber nylon (nylon)
Pan polyacrylonitrile fiber acrylic artificial wool
PE polyethylene fiber
PVA polyvinyl alcohol fiber vinyl on (also represented by PVAL)
PP polypropylene fiber
PVDC vinylidene chloride fiber
PVC, PVC fiber, and nylon (also represented by CLF)
PU polyurethane fiber spandex (also indicated by EL)
PTFE PTFE fiber
PI polyimide fiber
CF carbon fiber (commonly known as graphite fiber)
R viscose fiber
An acetate fiber

Name of chemical filament

F filament
S short filament
M monofilament
Udy untwisted wire
LOY low-speed spinning
Moy medium speed spinning
POY high-speed spinning, pre oriented yarn
Hoy ultra high-speed spinning
Foy fully oriented wire
FDY drew yarn (one-step spinning)
US ultra high speed spinning
SDY spinning (silk) drawing (drawing) silk
Dy drawing wire
Ty textured silk
DW stretch winding wire
ATY air textured wire
DTY stretch textured wire
Sdty spun stretch textured yarn
BCF expanded (deformed) filament
Hdiy heavy denier industrial silk
Ldiy light denier industrial silk
Noy (nsy) nonsizing wire
HWM high wet modulus fiber
WD stretch warping (warp axis)
WDS stretch warping sizing (warp axis)
PLA polylactide fiber (corn starch fiber)

Abbreviations for 25 kinds of chemical fibers in Western Europe

PES (polyester) polyester fiber
PA (p0lyamide) polyamide fiber
MAC Modified Polyacrylonitrile Fiber
PE polyethylene fiber
PP polypropylene fiber
PVAL vinyl alcohol fiber
Ar aramid fiber (also expressed by PMIA)
Pan polyacrylonitrile fiber
POA polyglycolide fiber
PI polyimide fiber
CVP copper ammonia fiber
CV viscose fiber
CMD modal
CA acetate fiber
CTA triacetate fiber
El elastic fiber
ALG seaweed fiber
Ed elastic diene fiber
CLF fluorinated fiber (PVC)
PTFE fluorine-containing fiber
BF boron fiber
CF carbon fiber
Prot protein fiber
GF glass fiber
MTF metal fiber

Common abbreviations of chemical fiber and filament

SD half-light
Sb light
SBT bright triangle wire
FD total extinction
EB fluorescent whitening filament
CD base dyeable fiber
ATY blow twist textured yarn
BCF expanded textured silk
C / F continuous filament
Foy fully oriented wire
Fty has fully drawn wire
Moy medium oriented wire
POY pre oriented wire
Textured silk produced by Pty chemical fiber factory
Textured silk produced by TTY twisting factory
DTY low elastic wire
HTR high strength viscose yarn
HMF high wet modulus viscose fiber (also expressed by CMD and HWM)

5、Other

Regeneration of cellulose fiber (Tencel) by CLY solvent method
Lyoceu (CLY staple fiber trade name)
Tencel Tencel (trade name of CLY filament)
Acetet aktet (New acetate fiber)
Tactel tektel (New polyamide fiber)
Coolmax new generation high-performance polyester fiber
Lycra Lycra (spandex)
PX p-xylene
PTA terephthalic acid
MEG ethylene glycol
An acrylonitrile fiber
CPL caprolactam fiber
PPV (PPA) pupal protein viscose fiber
PLA polylactide fiber
PPS polyphenylene sulfide fiber
MAC Modified Polyacrylonitrile Fiber
ECDP room temperature dyeable modified polyester
CDP cationic dyeable modified polyester
IPET disperse dyes easy to dye series functional polyester fibers
Dyeable copolyester fiber with HCDP cationic dye
R viscose staple
C cotton fiber
L hemp fiber
T polyester staple fiber
W wool fiber
S Silk
T / R polyester / viscose staple fiber
T / C polyester / cotton staple fiber
Tactel modified nylon (New polyamide fiber)
Hygra super absorbent nylon fiber
PbO polyp-phenylene bisazol fiber
PPS polyphenylene sulfide fiber
Pen polyethylene terephthalate fiber (polyester fiber)
PCL polyacetactone fiber (biodegradable synthetic fiber)
UHMW-PE ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fiber high strength polyethylene fiber
Nomex meta aromatic polyamide fiber (Aramid 1313 fiber)
PBI polybenzimidazole fiber

Instance

  1. Polyester dipped wool like silk
    The warp is [167dtex (150 denier) DTY filament + 182dtex (32 British count) t / R yarn (65:35 for t: R)] after grid connection, add 10 twist / cm, and the weft is 182dtex (32 British count) t / C yarn (65:35 for t: C). That is, the warp is [167dtex (150 denier) stretch deformed polyester filament and 182drex (32 British count) polyester / viscose yarn (65% for polyester staple fiber and 35% for viscose staple fiber)] combined network, plus 10 twist / cm, and the weft is 182dtex (32 British count) polyester / viscose yarn (65% for polyester staple fiber and 35% for viscose staple fiber).
  2. Similar pattern brocade
    The warp is 55 6dtex (50 denier) Pa plus 8 twists / cm, and there are two groups of weft, 133 dtex (120 denier) sb CV for weft A and 83 dtex (75 denier) deformed pet for weft B. That is, the warp is 55.6 dtex (50 denier) nylon filament plus 8 twist / cm, the first weft is 133 dtex (120 denier) glossy viscose fiber, and the second weft is 83 dtex (75 denier) deformed polyester filament.
  3. Double faced satin
    The warp is 167dtex (150 denier) foy polyester yarn, and the weft is 165dtex DTY polyester yarn + 44dtex (40 denier) Pu wrapped yarn (or parallel mesh yarn). That is, the warp is 167 dtex (150 denier) fully oriented polyester yarn, and the weft is the wrapped yarn or mesh of 167 dtex low elastic polyester yarn and 44 dtex (40 denier) spandex.
  4. Pleated crepe
    The warp is 83dtex (75 denier) SBT pet, the warp is 111dtex (100 denier) SD DTY polyester, and the weft is 110dtex DTY polyester. That is, the first warp is 83 drex (75 denier) bright triangular shaped polyester filament, the second warp is 111 dtex (100 denier) semi gloss low elastic polyester filament, and the weft is 111 dtex low elastic polyester filament.
  5. Silk stretch silk
    There are two kinds of meridional raw materials, a 83drex × 2 (two 120 male) s fibers; B 83dtex × 2 (75 / 25) s / tencenl blended yarn; The weft is 83dtex × 2 (2 pcs. 120 cm) s / PU wrapping

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